Never leave a child alone in the water or near water, not even for a single moment; Careful supervision by a responsible adult is the best way to prevent drowning in children.
When children under 5 years of age are in or near the water, they must have an adult at their fingertips who preferably knows how to swim and perform CPR, providing “contact supervision.
Install a fence at least 4 feet (1.2 m) high around the pool. Check that the fence does not have gaps / spaces or protrusions that a small child can use to climb, pass through or under the fence.
Make sure that the entrance doors to the pool open outwards and that the latch closes automatically at a height that children cannot reach. Consider installing an alert alarm when someone opens the door or the use of wave / wave or underwater alarms as an additional protection measure.
The safest fence is one that surrounds the pool on its four sides and separates the pool from the house and the patio completely. If the house is used as one of the sides of the fence, install an alarm on the exit door to the patio and the pool. For additional protection, install protective windows or windows facing the pool. Keep the alarms in good working order with new batteries or batteries.
Keep rescue equipment (a shepherd-style pool hook, and a life preserver) and a portable phone near the pool. Choose a shepherd-style pool hook and other rescue equipment made of fiberglass or other materials that do not conduct electricity.
Avoid swimming aids such as floats. They are not a substitute for life jackets and produce false security in children and parents.
Children over one year of age may have a lower risk of drowning if they have received swimming lessons. However, there is no evidence that swimming lessons or survival techniques can prevent children under one year from drowning.
The decision to enroll a child older than one year to swim lessons must be made by the parents based on the development and disposition of the child and their exposure to water, but swimming programs should not be considered as “drowning proof”. “For children at any age.
Do not allow children to be trapped or trapped in the drain. The suction of the drainage of the pools and spas can trap the swimmer or swimmer if it has broken down or the drain cover is missing. Ask the person in charge of the operation of the pool if the drains of the pool comply with the requirements of the law of safety of swimming pools and spas. If you have a pool or spa, ask the representative responsible for the operation of swimming pools to install drain covers and other devices or systems in the drainage and suction fittings.
Inflatable pools above ground level have become very fashionable for use in courtyards. Children can fall in if they lie on the soft side of the inflatable pool. Although these pools are generally exempt from requirements, it is extremely important that they are surrounded by a fence as in the case of a permanent pool to prevent children from gaining access without adult supervision.
Boat safety on board
Children should wear life jackets at all times when traveling aboard boats or near bodies of water. Adults should wear life jackets for their own protection and to set a good example.
Make sure the life jacket is the correct size for your child. The vest should not be loose. It should always be used according to the instructions with all belts fastened.
The inflatable floats, toys, rafts and inflatable air mattresses should not be used as life jackets or as individual floating devices.
Teens and adults should be warned of the dangers of navigating under the influence of alcohol, drugs or even some prescription drugs.
Children follow your example when you are in a boat. All crew members, children and adults must wear life jackets.
A lifeguard (or another adult who knows about water rescue) should watch the children whenever they are in or near the water. Younger children should be supervised very closely while they are in or near the water -use “contact supervision”, to keep them at a distance of no more than the length of one arm.
Make sure your child knows that he should never dive or dive into the water, except when allowed by an adult who knows the depth of the water and has verified that there are no objects under water.
Never allow your child to swim in channels or in any waterway with rapid movement. Swimming in the sea should only be allowed when there is a lifeguard on duty.
Teach children about hangover currents (also called return currents). If you get caught in such a current, swim parallel to the shore until you escape from the current, then swim back to shore.
Keep alert in swimming pools and beaches in other countries where there are no lifeguards or lifeguards and where the drainage systems of the pools can be a danger to children. Supervise children closely.
On beaches, stay in designated areas for swimming and preferably where the lifeguard or lifeguard can see it.
Seek refuge in case of storm. Get out of the water immediately. Leave the beach in case of lightning.